Gaudi and Barcelona : 10 masterpieces
Our city would have not had the success and the name as it has, if Antoni Gaudí would have never existed. He left in our city several architectural jewels, unique for the design, the meaning and the originality.
Antoni Gaudi was born in Reus in 1852. he studied archtecture in Barcelona Provincial school of Architecture. Before finishing his studies , he collaborated with Josep Fontseré, architect in the Ciudadella park project. In 1878 he won a contest to carry out a street lights project for Barcelona, at the Plaça Reial ( you still can see them nowadays ). Between 1883 and 1926 Gaudi created in Barcelona different works and pieces of art, all over the city, which we list here on the following lines:
Located in the popular district of Gràcia, Gaudí designed it as a summer house. Oriental influence, and coloured tyles in the façade.
Metro: Fontana, carrer de les Carolines 18-24
Two pavilions with big fence wich was the entrance to the old leisure time house property of Eusebio Güell family. Eusebio Güell was Gaudi’s protector. The forged iron gate is a representation of Ladon, a mythological winged dragon which was beaten by Hercules. The shape of a dragon matches the position of starts from his constellation on a specific day in the year
Metro: Palau Reial, Av de Pedralbes 7
Collserola ridge. Built of the undeveloped site of an ancient royal residence. Gaudí designed an a austere building, where the costs of the works increased considerably in order to preserve the ruins of the house of the last king of the Catalan dynasty, Martí l?Humà
FGC Av. Tibidabo, Bellesguard 16-20
COL.LEGI DE LES TERESIANES
Building designed to be used as an educational centre. Some of the most important works to be admired are the corridors with parabolic arches on the first floor, its practicable and two-sizeddoors which can be opened for both people and furniture, and the shield typical of the religious order forged in iron on the main door, which was said to have been done by Gaudi himself
FGC Bonanova, Ganduxer 95-105
Count Güells residence in Barcelona. The interior of the palace is remarkably by the details, both in the main hall and in the roof. The Palace lodges some subterranean stables worth visiting.
Metro: Drassanes, Nou de la Rambla 3
This is the only building from Gaudí which adopted Catalan Barroque shapes. Pay particular attention to the door knocker, which is represented by a bug – and a cross knocker. With subtleirony, Gaudí uses this symbology of the good defeating the evil . Private building. Visits are not allowed:
Metro: Urquinaona, Casp 48
This is Gaudi’s largest work in Barcelona. It is an area which main aim was to become a british style “garden-city”. Inside the park , we can find the House-Museum where Gaudí lived beforemoving to the “Sagrada Familia”. One of the major attractions is the bench of the “trencadís” ( mosaïc ) where he asked a worker to sit in order to take measures and design the project:
Metro: Lesseps or Vallcarca. Olot S/N
With a tyled roof and mosaic façade, Gaudí untertook the total remodelling of this existing building. The result was an outside façade representing a party comparable to Carnival. The house is designed with shapes inspired from natural elements
Metro: Passeig de Gràcia, Passeig de Gràcia 43
CASA MILÀ OR “LA PEDRERA”
Icon of the Modernism. it has a breathaking wavy façade of stone and iron balconies. The most outstanding spaces of this building are the rooftop, the interior courtyards and the Espai Gaudí, where we will discover biographical as well as artistic and technical aspects of the architect, by means of scale models and video projections.
Metro: Diagonal, Provença 261-265
Gaudí accepted the asgnment to continue building this expiatory temple. The date when the construction work will be finished is still unknown , the central nave is due to be finished in 30 years. We recommend you to get the tickets in advance, since average waiting time is 1.30 h.
Metro: Sagrada Familia, Plaça Sagrada Familia
COLONIA GÜELL CHURCH
The Colònia Güell, one of the most pioneering purpose-built industrial villages of the 19th century is located in the town of Santa Coloma de Cervelló, 23 km to the south -west of Barcelona. Gaudí developed the architectural innovations of his later works in the church crypt, which has been designated a Unesco World Heritage site.
Train from Pl Espanya, Colonia Güell stop.